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Yavapai County Arizona

In central Arizona, Yavapai County ranks first among the gold-producing counties, producing over 3,500,000 ounces of lode gold and over 300,000 ounces of placer gold.

In the Bagdad area, 42 miles west of Prescott, many area mines are in the southwest part of the Eureka district. This area had a total production of around 60,000 ounces., 1887-1951, mainly from the output at the Hillside Mine, which was a significant lode gold mine in the area.

In the Black Canyon City district, in the southeast part of the county, located between the eastern foothills of the Bradshaw mountains and the Aqua Fria River, there was a total production of around 50,000 ounces of gold. There are many area mines, especially the Howard mine, and 1 mile below, there were some productive placers gold deposits. You can find placer gold in all regional watercourse and slope wash gravels in this district. Placer gold is reported along Black Canyon at several places, in gravel deposits. Near Turkey, there are some small placers worked annually. There were some productive placers between the mouth of Arrastra creek and Cleator and American and Mexican gulches. You will find the famous Humbug placers for 20 miles along Humbug, French, and Cow creeks. You can find flake and flour gold in the upper gravels to 20 feet deep in the Humbug placers; at or near bedrock, you can find some very coarse gold.

At Bumblebee, north of Black Canyon City, you will find the Bumblebee and Bland Hill mines which were productive lode gold mines. South of Bumblebee, the Nigger Brown, Blanchiana, and Gillespie mines were also major lode gold mines. If you go south 3 miles, a gravel bar in Black Canyon Creek is said to have produced very rich placer ground. If you go east of Bumblebee by 4 miles, on the west bank of Aqua Fria Canyon, you will find the Richinbar Mine, which produced lode gold and silver.

You will find the Castle Creek district in the south part of the county at Castle Springs, near upper Castle Creek. The major mines in this district are the Golden Aster, Swallow, Whipsaw, Jones, and Copperopolis, all of which produced lode gold. In the Wickenburg mountains, 1 mile north of the Castle Hot Springs road and 10 miles east of Morristown, you will find the Golden Slipper lode gold mine.

North of Cherry 1.5 miles, you will find the Bunker Mine, the Federal, and the Leghorn mines, which were all intermittently worked for their lode gold content. If you go West by Northwest of Cherry by 2 miles, you will find the Gold Bullion Mine, a lode gold mine with minor copper production. If you go southwest of cherry by 2 miles, you will find the Logan Mine, which produced some lode gold.

Near Cleator, west on the road. Along old railroad grade, in an area of several square miles north of Crown King and east of Towers Mountain, you will be in the Pine Grove district, the site of the Crown King Group of mines, which were very rich, area of 300-ton flotation mill operated in 1934 for lode gold, silver and minor copper, zinc. Northeast of the Crown King, the Philadelphia Mine, and the Nelson Mine (Just east) were also major lode gold and silver mines. If you go north of Cleator by 2 miles, you will find the Fairview Tunnel at an elevation of 7,200 feet; this is said to be an extension of the Nelson Mine vein, produced a large quantify of lode gold. There are also many other lode gold mines in this area, around 200 or more. South of the Pine Grove district, on the Humbug side of the divide, in the Tiger district, on the south slopes of Wasson Peak, you will find the Oro Belle and Gray Eagle mines and mill; they were principal producers from 1907-1909 of lode gold, silver, and copper.

East of Congress by a little more than 2 miles to the old mining camp of Stanton, many area mines produced lode gold. The LDMA has its patented property in this area. If you go northwest of Congress by 3 miles, in the southeast part of the Date Creek mountains, you will find the Congress Mine, which had a total production between 1887-1959 of around 400,000 ounces of lode gold. .5 miles west, the Congress Extension produced major lode gold. At the southwest margin of the Date Creek mountains, the Martinez district, numerous old mines produced lode gold in the northwest several miles. If you go southeast 4.5 miles, you will find the old camp of Octave, just above camp and on the flat-topped mountain above adjoining Stanton, the Weaver-Rich Hill district, area mines, and placers you can find huge nuggets in the surface debris of Rich Hill. Along the southwest front of the Weaver mountains, lode mines produced 100's thousands of ounces of gold.

At Constellation, 15 miles northeast of Wickenburg, you will find the Gold Bar Mine, a major lode gold producer. Other area mines of the Black Rock district also produced some rich lode gold deposits. About 4.5 miles north of Wickenburg, the Oro Grande Mine was a major producer of lode gold. If you go east 7 miles from Constellation, near the head of Amazon Gulch, or 16 miles northeast of Wickenburg, you will find the Groom Mine and 30-ton ball mill. This was a major lode gold producer. Northwest of the Groom Mine is the Arizona Copper Belt Mining Company Mine, which produced lode gold and copper.

At Cordes, north of Phoenix, at Poland Junction, west past the power station, take a left or lower dirt road, and you can find placer gold along the route in stream gravels. If you go southwest of Cordes to the southern foothills of the Bradshaw mountains, which is about 45 miles north by northwest of Phoenix, you will find the Tiptop Mine (and district), a producer of approximately 10,000 ounces of lode gold, 1875-1959.

Out of Denver by 16 miles, in the south part of the Black Hills on headwaters of Cherry Creek, the Cherry Creek district at the east foot of the Black Hills, you will find the Monarch Mine (and several others nearby) that were major lode gold mines. South of the Monarch, the Etta, Gold Ring, and Conger mines also produced some lode gold.

North of Hillside Station, by 8.5 miles and about .75 miles of the Santa Maria River, you will find the Mammoth Mine, which produced some lode gold deposits. About 13 miles from Hillside Station and 3.5 miles west of the Bagdad Highway, in sections 4 and 9 of township 13N and 8W, you will find the Crosby Mine, a major lode gold producer. If you go northwest of Hillside Station by 18 miles, you will find the Eureka placers along Burro Creek, and principal producers were in all area gulches, bench gravels you can find placer gold. If you take the Bagdad highway from Hillside Station for about 20 miles, take a road west 1 mile, and you will see the Cowboy Mine, which produced lode gold with lead. Out the Kingman on highway 28 miles, then 4.5 miles south to the south part of Grayback Mountain, is the location of Southern Cross Mine, it consisted of shallow workings for lode gold, minor copper. Finally, 32 miles from Hillside Station in a deep canyon on the east side of Boulder Creel, in sections 16 and 21 of township 12N and range 9W, is the location of the Hillside Mine; this mine has 2 miles of underground tunnels.

In Jerome, in the Verde district, on the east slope of the Black Hills just west of the Verde River, Mammoth copper district, abandoned around 1950), had a total production of by-product gold through 1959 of 1,571,000 ounces.

If you go southeast of Kirkland by 9 miles, in Placerita, French, and Cherry gulches, many productive placers that were extensively worked in the 1930s can be found. Also, You can find placer gold at Blind Indian Creek and Mill Creek drainage.

Some productive placers in Peeples Valley to the west along Model Creek.

In Poland, at the north foot of Big Bug Mesa, accessible from the Black Canyon highway, you can find the Poland-Walker Tunnel; look on dumps for gold. .25 mile west of tunnel and mesa from rd. Branching northeast from the Senator highway, about 1/8 mile south of the Hassayampa bridge, is the location of the Money Metals Mine was a productive lode gold mine. West 1 mile and about .5 mile north of Big Bug Creek, the Hennetta Mine and mill produced lode gold with silver, lead, and copper. On the South of the mesa, in the area of Turkey Creek, is The Turkey Creek district, a noted early-day producer of gold and silver. Finally, 1 mile north of Pine Flat, the Cumberland Mine and mill was a noted producer. All area watercourse and slope wash gravels of the area contain placer gold.

Prescott, Arizona, was originally settled by placer miners, becoming the territorial capital in 1864. In the Columbia district, all area creeks produce placer gold. South along upper reaches and the main course of Granite Creek is the location of the Granite Creek placers, which were discovered in the 1860s, South to headwaters of the Hassayampa River, along the entire course of the river to the county line 2 miles north of Wickenburg there are many lode mines and placers along all regional watercourse beds, benches, terraces, and hillsides. If you go east of Prescott by 4 miles and just south of the Dewey road, is the location of the Bullwhacker Mine, which produced high-grade, coarse gold nuggets. If you go south of Prescott by approximately 5 miles in New England Gulch, a tributary of Granite Creek), rich early placers existed here. You can find placer gold in all regional creek and watercourse beds, benches, and slope-wash gravels. If you go south 5 miles, area of upper Groom Creek, the Groom Creek district, you can find many mines, e.g., Midnight Test, Empire, King-Kelly-Monte Cristo, Victor, and Home Run, that produced rich lode gold deposits. If you go south 6 miles, on the west slope of the Bradshaw mountains, the Hassayampa-Groom district, along the Hassayampa River, many placers produced thousands of ounces of gold.

At Rock Springs, 46 miles north of PHOENIX, at Mile Post 246, the turnoff to the Maggle Mine and find some rich placer ground.

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