County Information

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Seward Peninsula Region Alaska

The Seward Peninsula is the westernmost extremity of North America and second only to the Yukon-Tanana region in the production of placer gold, largely from the rich concentrations in the sands of the Bearing Sea beaches at Nome. Although gold was discovered as early as 1855, nothing was done about it until 1898, when the Nome district was organized. The total production through 1959 was recorded as 6,060,000 gold ounces, all but about 10,000 ounces being from placer operations.

Bluff District

Bluff is on the Solomon quadrangle. If you go west of Bluff 7 miles, on California and Coca-Cola Creeks you will find some very rich placer ground. On Daniels Creek, along the entire course, you will find many old placer operations. Also where Daniels Creek runs into the Beach is very rich. North of Bluff on Eldorado and Sweede Creeks, there were some excellent placer discoveries.

Bonanza District

Near Unalakleet, is the Bonanza district. All regional streams contain placer gold.

Coarse Gold District

Coarse Gold district is located about 70 miles north northeast of Nome, on the Teller quadrangle. This was an old placer district that produced some nice gold.

Council District

This district is in the south part of the peninsula, including all drainage of Golovnin Bay extending east almost to the Tubutulik River. It was discovered in 1865 and had a total production of about 588,000 ounces of placer gold. It is on the Solomon USGS quadrangle. Along Aggie Creek, a tributary of the Fish River, there were some rich placers. Along Crooked Creek and Benson Gulch, a tributary of Melsing Creek, there were some rich placers. Along Ophir Creek, discovered in 1896 and was the most productive in the district, extremely rich placers were worked. All the Creek gravels and bench deposits in the drainage basin of the Niukluk River, including Ophir, Melsing, Gold Bottom, Warm, Camp, Mystery and Elkhorn Creeks produced rich placer gold. All along the Fish River and Slate, Iron, Wheeler, West, Flynn, Spruce, Post, Daniels and Koyana Creeks there were lode mines, but the placer gold in all these creeks is very rich. Along Crooked Creek and the Inmachuk River there were rich placers. The Casadepaga River and its Tributaries produce nice gold for the GPAA I hear.

Fairhaven District

Near Deering, in the Fairhaven district, including the Candle and Inmachuck districts, 40 miles long immediately south of the Kotzebue Sound, between latitudes 65º40' and 66º10' N, longitude 161º40' and 163º20' W on the Candle USGS quadrangle is the Fairhaven district. On Old Glory and Hannum Creeks, the initial placers were discovered in 1900. On Candle Creek, the richest placer creek in the district, discovered in 1901 and produced 379,200 ounces of placer gold. Along Bear Creek and the Inmachuk River there were many productive placers. Up the Kiwalik River, the area gravels produced placer gold. Along Quartz Creek and on Gold Run, there were some rich placers. A few miles below mouth of Quartz Creek were some very rich placers.

Koyuk District

This district is located in the southeast corner of the peninsula, between latitude 64º55' and 65º40' N, longitude 160º20' and 162º00' W, including drainage of the Koyuk River, on the Candle USGS quadrangle. Along Alameda and Knowles Creeks were some placers operated since 1900. At Dime Landing and Haycock area creeks had many rich placers. All other regional creeks and in bench gravels, especially along Monument Creek you can find open cut operations for placer gold. Between Little and Dry Creeks, extending a considerable distance with extensive dredging operations for placer gold.

Nome District

This district is in the south-central part of the peninsula, between latitude 64º25' and 64º57' N, longitude 165º00' and 165º30' W, on the Nome USGS quadrangle. More than half the gold in the Seward Peninsula has come from the Nome district. Around 4,000,000 ounces of placer gold has been found. The Nome River placers were discovered in 1897. Anvil Creek and many other area creeks produced placer gold. Sands of the Bering Sea beaches, most profitable of the entire district, was some very rich placer gold.

Port Clarence District

The district contains about 200 square miles at west end of the peninsula on the Teller USGS quadrangle. The Bluestone and Agiapuk River Basin had many productive placers. Grantly Harbor area most streams contain gold.

Solomon District

The area lying along south side of the peninsula between latitude 64º30' and 65º45' N, longitude 163º30' and 164º30 W, on the Solomon USGS quadrangle. Almost all the streams contain placer gold in this district.

Taylor District

This district in the central part of the peninsula, between latitude 65º10' and 65º45' N, longitude 164º20' and 165º20' W, on the Teller and Bendelben quadrangles is the Taylor district. Along The Kougarok River, near mouth of Henry Creek, near head of River, especially on Macklin Creek and tributaries, there were many rich placer discoveries. In the south part of the district in the Coffee Dome area, along Iron and American Creeks there are more rich placers.

York District

In the York area there are many productive placers.

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